History of London
The city of London is the capital of the United Kingdom. It is one of the world’s oldest and most cosmopolitan cities, with a nearly two millennia history. It is not just the country’s largest metropolis but also its economic, transportation, and cultural hub.
Following the Norman invasion and capture of England in 1067, the newly crowned King of England, William Duke of Normandy, established the city’s existing rights, regulations, and privileges. The Tower of London was constructed during William’s reign.
For a long time, England lacked a capital city. On the other hand, the core government institutions relocates to Westminster, which is near London. London’s emergence as England’s capital was helped by this and the growth of trade in the area.
The climate of London
With moderate winters and warm summers, London has the equable climate of South East England. The average daytime air temperature is 52 °F (11 °C), with 42 °F (5.5 °C) in January and 65 °F (18 °C) in July. Statistics show that the sun shines, however briefly, on five days out of six.
Londoners shed their winter overcoats in April or May and begin to dress warmly again in late October. The prevailing wind is west-southwest. Because of the sheltering effect of the Chiltern Hills and North Downs, the city has slightly less rainfall than the Home Counties.
The Courtauld Gallery, housed in the 18th century Somerset House, includes priceless artwork by Botticelli, Monet, Van Gough, Michelangelo, Rembrandt, Turner, and Cezanne. Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère, Van Gogh’s Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear, and Renoir’s La Loge are among the treasures on show.
The Gallery also hosts several temporary exhibitions that you can see during your stay. Art lovers should also pay a visit to the National Portrait Gallery, which is conveniently located close.
The United Kingdom has been a major creator and source of musical creation throughout its history, drawing its early artistic foundation from church music and ancient and traditional folk music and instrumentation from England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales.
Each of the United Kingdom’s four countries has its distinct folk music traditions, which flourished until the Industrial Revolution when it was supplanted by new popular music such as music hall and brass bands.
British musicians have heavily influenced pop, rock, and subgenres of the genre, such as avant-funk, new wave, acid jazz, neo-soul, trip-hop, dubstep, and industrial.
The city offers a thriving nightlife scene, whether you’re looking for fun things to do at night or want to listen to some amazing live music. This list of the greatest London clubs will help you plan your next night out.
Following the proposed loosening of coronavirus restrictions, London’s nightclubs are expected to resume on June 21 at the earliest.
Fabric in Farringdon is one of the capital’s most well-known nightlife destinations. The iconic London club has hosted some of the world’s biggest DJs and has three rooms, one of which boasts a “body sonic” dancefloor. The speakers are blasting electro, techno, and disco music, as well as drum N bass, and grime.
Heaven is a famed London club with three stories and a capacity of over 1,000 partygoers. At this central London club near Charing Cross Station, look out for exciting club nights like Popcorn on Mondays and the flagship Heaven G-A-Y night on Saturdays, as well as a regular schedule of live music events.
The architecture of London
Baroque architecture; 1600-1750
Elaborate designs are some of the oldest in London today, despite not being the first architectural style to be introduced to the metropolis. Nearly all of London’s buildings destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666, and Christopher Wren. This is one of the most renowned men responsible for reconstructing the city.
The task constructing many of the city’s churches including St Paul’s Cathedral. While the capital was only the size of the City of London.
Post-war architecture; 1950s onwards
During WWII, several London districts bombed, necessitating the reconstruction of vast swaths of residential property. High-rise buildings were introduced to London to accomplish this swiftly and efficiently.
The Barbican which erects on land that the Blitz is damage, and Trellick Tower constructs by brutalist architect Erno Goldfinger in 1972. There are two of London’s most well-known examples of post-war architecture.
Buckingham Palace and the Changing of the Guard
The Tower of London and Tower Bridge
The British Museum
Big Ben and Parliament
Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square
Churchill’s War Rooms
The London Eye
- Greenwich and Docklands
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