Berlin – Cosmopolitan City | Metropolis | The City of Design
Berlin is the most populous city in Germany. With its approximately 3.7 million inhabitants, This is also the largest city in the European Union. The city is located in the northeast of the Federal Republic of Germany.
This is the capital city of Germany. Berlin is home to the Bundestag, Bundesrat and the Federal Government.
Berlin offers a huge selection of attractions for young and old. The city offers about 5000 cafes, bars and restaurants, more than 60 theaters and about 175 museums.
Berlin is divided into twelve districts.
History of Berlin:
Berlin was the center of the Second World War. After the National Socialists seized power, And became the capital of the Third Reich. Adolf Hitler wanted to develop the city into the “world capital Germania”.
Due to the defeat of Germany after the second was left only a pile of rubble of Berlin. Half of all buildings were destroyed.
After World War II, it was divided into four sectors by the United States of America, the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union. When the Cold war between West and East came to a head, a wall was built along the Soviet Union. From then on Berlin was divided into two areas West and East. In 1989 there was a political change and the wall was opened. Since then Berlin is united again.
Weather in Berlin:
The city is located in the temperate climate zone at the transition from maritime to continental climate. The average annual temperature is 9.5°C. However, The warmest months are July and August with an average of 19.1°C, the coldest is January with 0.6°C on average.
The wind comes most often from the northwest and southwest directions, which is associated with high speeds. Especially in winter, but also brings in clean sea air.
Due to the small differences in altitude within the city, it has a homogeneous urban climate.
Culture of Berlin:
The city of Design has the reputation of a European cosmopolitan city. Daily events of the popular arts and a constantly changing scene life characterize the cultural landscape of it.
It has three opera houses, several orchestras and the internationally renowned Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Until 2006, the world’s largest techno music event was based here – the Love Parade.
Several thousand events take place in this city every month. In February, the International Film Festival is held. The “Berlinale” is also one of the most important international film festivals.
Every year, countless parades, processions and open-air concerts also find a date in the city’s calendar of events. Such as the “Carnival of Cultures” or the “Christopher Street Day”. Since 2015, the “Lollapalooza Festival” takes place in Berlin, where international top DJs and singers perform.
Museums in Berlin:
There are many museums. The Museum Island has been a World Heritage Site since 1999. Outside the Museum Island are various museums, such as the Natural History Museum with over 30 million objects and the highest dinosaur skeleton in the world. The “German Museum of Technology Berlin” displays exhibits related to technology on 25000m². The “German Historical Museum” illustrates history from 2000 years. The Wall Museum at Checkpoint Charlie shows the history about the Berlin Wall. Near Potsdamer Square is the “Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe”.
The most famous buildings are the Brandenburg Gate, which is Berlin’s landmark and symbol of the overcome German division. In Berlin stands the highest building in Germany, the TV tower with 368 meters.
Potsdamer Square is a transportation hub in the center of this city.
Near the Brandenburg Gate is the Reichstag building. After the severe damage in World War II, it serves since 1973 building for the German Bundestag. Annually, about 2 million people visit the glass dome of the building.
Bellevue castle is located to the west on the edge of the Great Tiergarten between the Spree River and the Victory Column. Today, the palace serves as the official residence of the Federal President.
The most famous shopping promenade in this city is the Kurfürstendamm with its numerous hotels, stores and restaurants. On the Kurfürstendamm is also the KaDeWe “Kaufhaus des Westens” which is the most famous department store in Germany.
There are about 2400 sports clubs in the city of Design. Some clubs are active in the field of professional sports. Among the most prominent representatives here are Hertha BSC and the 1st FC Union Berlin, which play in the German 1st Bundesliga. Alba Berlin belongs to the professional clubs of the German basketball. The Eisbären Berlin in the field of ice hockey and the Füchse Berlin in the sport of handball.
Berlin was the site of the 1936 Summer Olympics. During the 1974 and 2006 World Cup, the Olympiastation even hosted the finals. In Berlin was also the current world record in the 100- and 200-meter run both set by Usain Bolt.
This city is surrounded by several lakes, where you can even go super swimming. Also, you can relax well on the Spree and Havel.
It is also known worldwide for its nightlife. The most famous nightclubs include Tresor, Watergate, KitKatClub, Club der Visionaere, Berghain, Salon zur Wilden Renate and Kater Blau.
In Berlin there are about 5000 cafes, bars and restaurants. Berlin also has some restaurants with star award.
Typical Berlin dishes are Kasseler, Eisbein, Currywurst, Bulette and the Döner. Among the most popular pastries are the Schrippe and pancake.
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